Language, or Symbolism of Flowers; According to Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, in speaking of flower language,
“There is no color, no flower, no weed, no fruit, herb, pebble, or feather that has not a verse belonging to it, and you may quarrel, reproach, or send letters of passion, friendship, or civility, or even of news, without even inking your fingers.”
The following is the language of common things:
Alyssum—Worth beyond beauty.
Araranth—Immortality, unfading love.
Amaranth (cockscomb)—Foppery, affectation.
American Cowslip—Divine beauty.
Anemone—Sickness, expectation, forsaken.
Apple, thorn—Deceitful charms.
Arbor Vitae—Unchanging friendship, live for me.
Aspen Tree—Lamentation, fear.
Asphodel—My regrets follow you to the grave.
Aster, China—Variety, afterthought.
Balm of Gilead—Cure, relief.
Balsam—Touch me not, impatience.
Bay leaf—I change but in death.
Bell Flower—Constancy, gratitude.
Bramble—Lowliness, envy, remorse.
Bridal Rose—Happy love.
Burr—You weary me.
Calceolaria.—All I have is yours.
Camellia, red.—Unpretending excellence.
Camellia, white—Perfected loveliness.
Chamomile—Energy in adversity.
Carnation, deep red—Alas! my poor heart.
Cherry-tree, black —Deception.
Cherry-tree, white—Good education.
Chestnut-tree—Do me justice.
China or Indian Pink—Aversion.
Chinese Primrose—Lasting love.
Chrysanthemum, Chinese—Cheerfulness under adversity.
Chrysanthemum, red—I love.
Chrysanthemum, yellow— Slighted love.
Clover, white—Think of me.
Clover, four-leaved—Be mine.
Cowslip—Pensiveness, winning grace.
Crab, blossom—Ill nature.
Cranberry—Cure for heartache.
Crocus—Abuse not, youthful gladness.
Currant—Thy frown will kill me.
Fern—Fascination, magic, sincerity.
Flax—Domestic industry, fate.
Geranium, Ivy—Bridal favor.
Geranium, Rose— Preference.
Geranium, silver 1eaved—Recall.
Gillyflower—Bonds of affection.
Grape, cultivated—Futility, jollity.
Hyacinth—Sport, game, play.
Ice Plant—Your looks freeze me.
Indian Pink, double—Always lovely.
Ivy—Friendship, fidelity, marriage.I
Jonquil—I desire a return of affection.
Lady’s Slipper—Capricious beauty, win me and wear me.
Laurel—Glory, perseverance, ambition.
Lemon Blossoms—Fidelity in love.
Lilac, purple—First emotions of love.
Lilac, white—Youthful innocence.
Lily, white—Purity, sweetness.
Lily, yellow—Falsehood, gaiety.
Lily of the Valley—Unconscious sweetness, happiness.
Locust—Elegance, affection beyond the grave.
Lotus Flower.——Estranged love.
Love in a Mist—Perplexity.
Love Lies Bleeding—Hopeless.
Magnolia—Love of nature.
Marigold and Cypress—Despair.
Mignonette.—Your qualities surpass your charms.
Mistletoe—I surmount difficulties.
Mulberry, black—I shall not survive you.
Mushroom—Suspicion, I can’t trust you.
Night Blooming Cereus.—Transient beauty.
Oats—The witching soul of music.
Orange Blossoms—Your purity equals your loveliness.
Orange Flowers.—Chastity, bridal.
Passion Flower—Religious superstition, when the flower is reversed, or faith if erect.
Peach—Unequaled qualities and charms.
Peach Blossom—I am your captive.
Peppermint—Warmth of feeling.
Periwinkle, blue—Early friendship.
Periwinkle, white—Pleasures of memory.
Persimmon—Bury me amid nature’s beauties.
Petunia—Your presence soothes me.
Pineapple—You are perfect.
Pine, spruce—Hope in adversity.
Pink, red, double—Pure and ardent love.
Pink, single—Pure love.
Pomegranate Flower—Mature elegance.
Poppy, white—Sleep, my love.
Primrose—Early youth and sadness.
Ranunculus—You are radiant with charms.
Rose, full bloom placed over two buds—Secrecy.
Rosebud—Pure and lovely.
Rye Grass—Changeable disposition.
Saffron—Beware of excess.
Sorrel—Affection, joy, ill-timed visit.
Spearmint—Warmth of affection.
Spiderwort—Esteem, not love.
Star of Bethlehem—Purity.
Stephanotis—Go east with me.
Sweet Basil—Cure for heartache.
Sweet-brier—Simplicity, decrease of love.
Sweet Pea—Delicate pleasures.
Tulip, red—Declaration of love.
Tulip, variegated—Beautiful eyes.
Tulip, yellow—Hopeless love.
Valerian—An accommodating disposition.
Venus Fly Trap—Deceit.
Verbena, pink—Family union.
Verbena, white—Pray for me.
Violet, yellow—Rural happiness.
Virginia Creeper—I cling to thee.
Wallflower—Fidelity in adversity.
Water Lily—Purity of heart.
White Mullein—Good nature.
White Rose (dried)—Death before dishonor.
Wistaria—Welcome for stranger.
Witch Hazel—A spell.
Wood-sorrel—Joy, maternal tenderness.
Zinnia—Thoughts of absent friends.